BOB DOUGLAS. Changing the Economic Narrative. How Feasible and How Soon?

What will it take to develop a new economy in Australia that seriously addresses the problems of human inequality and environmental degradation? What is required to place radical economic reform properly on the Australian political agenda?  

Inequality is a growing feature of societies everywhere including Australia, and many thoughtful people are recognising the need to re-think the economic narrative that has dominated the world for the past 40 years. Change is essential as we contemplate environmental decline, a changing climate and the impossibility of endless resource-dependent economic growth.

American writer, David Korten, characterises the current narrative as ‘Sacred Money and Sacred Markets”. and says that we must shift the story that drives our economy to one that he summarises as “Sacred Life and Living Earth”

Nobel Prize winning economist, Joseph Stiglitz, Queensland economist, John Quiggin and Independent writers like George Monbiot have for some time, been articulating the need to review the system that currently dominates world economic thinking and policy.   Recent reports from the International Monetary Fund are pointing to the serious consequences of increasing inequality. Pope Francis and the Australian Catholic Bishops are also calling for radical economic reform.

The Australian Productivity Commission in August this year published an important paper “Shifting the Dial,” which indicates the need for substantial changes in economic direction, though it does not explicitly challenge, the central elements of the neoliberal approach.

In an hour-long session on ABC radio recently, anchored by journalist Paul Barclay, three authors of recent books that had been discussed at the recent Brisbane Writers Festival, contributed to an interactive discussion on “A New Economy?”  They were:
·       US Economist Clair Brown author of  “Buddhist Economics: An Enlightened Approach To the Dismal Science”.
·       Dutch Historian, Rutger Bregman, Author of “ Utopia for Realists and How we can get there”.
·       Australian Journalist, Tim Dunlop, Author of  “Why the future is Workless”

The discussion highlighted a number of key issues that may seem blindingly obvious but are generally ignored. Firstly, that the standard indicator of “progress”, (growth in the GDP) is an utterly spurious measure and that it should be scrapped in favour of one, or more other measures that are already on offer and already in use in some parts of the world.  They include the Genuine Progress Indicator, The UN Human Development Index and the Gross National Happiness Index, which has been implemented as a guiding element in the Constitution of Bhutan.

Secondly that the current economic model is built around the assumption that selfishness is the driving force for human endeavour. This runs counter to increasing evidence from neuroscience, that we humans get more pleasure from altruistic behaviour then from self-centredness. If our societal structures are built around the notion that people are purely selfish, it is self-fulfilling.

A third element of the discussion between the writers, was the impact that the digital revolution and artificial intelligence are having in abolishing jobs and that the concept of work is changing rapidly. Also, that in our current system there is no economic recognition of the essential role of mothering, caring and the maintenance of the household.

Considerable discussion took place around the idea of a Universal Basic Income that could be paid by the state to ensure that all adults have enough funds to cover basic food, and shelter. While not currently favoured by either side of politics in Australia, the idea that in a world of declining need for a 40-hour week,  a rich country can afford to guarantee basic needs for everyone, is attractive and has been demonstrated to be effective in a number of experiments around the world. This idea is being further explored in a number of parts of the world and it offers the possibility that we could dispense with a paternalistic, intrusive and judgemental welfare system as a welcome by-product.

George Monbiot has pointed out that the adoption of a new economic narrative is a complex matter and that the takeover of endemic neoliberalism from its predecessor, Keynesianism, followed a carefully planned and implemented strategy that was masterminded by an international group of determined economists and multimillionaires.

The commitment to market fundamentalism and government minimalism, and the slogan, “jobs and growth” now dominate thinking on both sides of the political spectrum. And huge benefits accrue to the already rich and powerful, who will not easily surrender their control of the system to other forces.

So, why should we worry?

I worry because our current economic system is manifestly unfit for the purpose of human survival in a world where we are very rapidly destroying the biosphere on which all life depends.  Our current system treats the environment as an unvalued “externality” and perpetuates toxic wealth inequality everywhere. It depends absolutely on resource dependent growth and unconstrained consumerism.

Where to begin? I think a starting point must be a constructive dialogue between protagonists for the status quo and those who are beginning to see a workable way out of it.  Placing universal human well-being and respect for an intact environment must be central to our idea of progress and we must take as a given, that for rich countries like ours, economic growth cannot continue to depend on resource consumption. But we must also urgently promote development of a new measure of human progress to replace growth in GDP
There is no time to lose.

Bob Douglas is a retired public health academic and a Director of Australia21 www.australia21.org.au

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7 Responses to BOB DOUGLAS. Changing the Economic Narrative. How Feasible and How Soon?

  1. Alan Luchetti says:

    Is it assumed, or is it ignored, that the “budget” balance of a currency issuing government is even more spurious an economic yardstick than its GDP?

  2. Kerry Willis says:

    You might also like to read Tackling Timorous Economics: How Scotland’s Economy Could Work Better For All of Us (Open Scotland)Sep 30, 2017
    by Katherine Trebeck, Stephen Boyd and George Kerevan

  3. Paul Frijters says:

    “Secondly that the current economic model is built around the assumption that selfishness is the driving force for human endeavour. This runs counter to increasing evidence from neuroscience, that we humans get more pleasure from altruistic behaviour then from self-centredness. If our societal structures are built around the notion that people are purely selfish, it is self-fulfilling.”

    The old fallacy of socialism – that one can build a society purely upon altruism – is rearing its ugly head here. I confess that I would rather take my chances with the worst class-conscious greed-infested crony capitalist system Murdoch can devise, than live in a system based on the conceit that we can get rid of human selfishness by appropriate upbringing.

  4. Sue Wareham says:

    Excellent and important points. One additional thing we can do is to challenge the increasing militarisation of what’s left of manufacturing in Australia. Tens of billions of dollars are poured into the weapons industry, whose purpose is ultimately killing and destruction, or aiding in it. The PM falls back on the usual “jobs”argument to justify this, but the evidence we have (from elsewhere, there is none in Australia) is that military industries create far fewer jobs per billion dollars than, say, health, education, public transport or environmental remediation. The PM should be called on to produce evidence on which industries are the most effective at creating jobs if he wants to use this argument.

  5. Julian says:

    There is much to what you say Bob, and clearly it is true that resource-dependent economic growth will falter sooner rather than later, and thus the mark of a forward thinking government will be actively planning for and implementing the required change of economic and social emphasis – such as a very small number of European governments have been able to do. It seems to me that both our major parties choose to ignore the fact that a sovereign, currency-issuing government can afford to do just about anything it may want.

  6. Val Kay says:

    Good to see this being discussed.

  7. slorter says:

    After the Second World War Socialism brought about some extremely important social institutions to protect the rights of man. However it was under attack as soon as sovereign governments took on board social institutions to protect working people.
    They finally did that by creating a deliberately unregulated market place Casino Capitalism at its best!
    Unchecked corporate power and a massive commodification of the global economy. Brutal modern-day capitalism, or what some might call neoliberalism. This form of neoliberal capitalism is a particularly savage, cruel, and exploitative regime. Capitalism has made a virtue out of self-interest and the pursuit of material wealth and in doing so has created a culture of shattered dreams and a landscape filled with broken highways, bankrupt cities, collapsing bridges, failed schools, the unemployed, the underpaid and the uninsured!
    Coupled with this is the neoconservative perpetual war machine providing massive profits for a few at the expense of the many.
    Not really a very human environment to live and so much for the basic rights of people!

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