MELISSA STONEHAM. Who wins when powerful health leaders align with the gambling industry?

Last November, Australian casino giant Crown Resorts announced it had appointed former Federal Health Department head Jane Halton to its board.

In the post below, Dr Melissa Stoneham laments the high profile move, asking why a health leader who had taken on the tobacco industry would now work for another industry that causes great harm to individuals and the community, and what Crown might hope to get from the appointment.

Dr Melissa Stoneham writes:

Jane Halton has been described as one of the most powerful women in the history of the public service and a formidable presence under governments on both sides of politics. She is a former Finance Department Secretary, former Deputy Secretary of Prime Minister and Cabinet and was Head of the Department of Health and Ageing for over a decade.

In 2012, Halton was instrumental in leading the charge for tobacco plain packaging, vowing to keep putting up the price of tobacco so it becomes “very unaffordable” and declaring she was on a “global crusade” against the “appalling behaviour of big tobacco”. Halton retired from Government in late 2016.

So I was somewhat surprised to have read last year that Halton has accepted the position of non-executive director of Crown Resorts.

Crown Resorts is one of Australia’s largest entertainment groups. As well as casinos, Crown Resorts’ wagering and online social gaming operations include CrownBet (a 62 per cent owned, licensed online wagering business), Betfair Australasia (a 100 per cent owned, licensed online betting exchange) and DGN Games (a 70 per cent owned, online social gaming business based in Austin, Texas).

Gambling and its health and social consequences are a concern worldwide. The latest Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) report identified that Australian adults spend $1,240 on gambling each year. This is well above global averages, and nearly twice as much as the next country on the list.

The report confirms that about 1.1 per cent of the adult population – about 200,000 people – score eight or more on the Problem Gambling Severity Index (a screening tool for gambling problems) and these people are generally categorised in Australia as “problem gamblers”.

Harm from gambling is known to impact individuals, families, and communities and these harms are not restricted to people with a gambling disorder.

It is therefore bewildering that a person who has long championed public health and took on the tobacco industry would choose to become a director of a company whose core business is gambling, an industry which has features in common with tobacco.

A study published in 2015 identified that gambling is like smoking: the more you gamble, the greater your risk of developing problems.  It also found there is no safe level of gambling, only risks that increase as you lose more money – even at relatively low levels of losses.

Crown’s Executive Chairman  John Alexander said that Halton “will bring extensive experience in finance, risk management, information technology, human resources and public policy” to her role. This suggests it has invited Halton on to the Board  to gain an insider perspective on the workings of government and  insight into the political process. Few would doubt that  Halton will obviously bring a huge depth of knowledge on regulatory issues, on legislative issues and on the broader impact of politics to the table.

The appointment might also be seen as a form of “health-washing” – adding to the reputation and standing of an industry through association with senior health leaders.

In 2010, when John Horvath, a Professor of Medicine at Sydney University, was appointed by Crown to chair a responsible gaming committee, many of us shook our heads in dismay and thought this was a one-off. The committee which Professor Horvath chaired was responsible for ”overseeing and enhancing Crown’s responsible gaming programs and performance”.

Horvath, a physician, had a 30 year medical career, which included an appointment as Australia’s Chief Medical Officer (2003-2009), Chair of the Health Committee on the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) and stints on the NSW Medical Registration Board and the Australian Medical Council (AMC).

Both Halton and Horvath were highly regarded public health advocates for most of their respective careers. Having held such esteemed positions within the health and political sectors, they would have been concerned for the health of the population and the burgeoning costs of health care for the taxpayer.

And yet, they now work with the gambling sector – an unhealthy commodity. There is little doubt that what motivates the gambling industry, just as it did with the tobacco industry, is the protection of profits.

Looking more closely at the alignment between tobacco and gambling, it is clear that history does appear to be repeating itself.

For example, we know that the gambling lobby continues to defend its interests with major political parties, and provides donations.

We know there are growing concerns about industry influences on gambling research, as well as proponents who downplay the risks and negative consequences. We know that the gambling industry advertising targets certain sub-populations. These were all tactics used by the tobacco lobby.

The social costs associated with the gambling industry are estimated to be $4.7 billion a year.

The role of public health is to reduce the toll of unhealthy products such as gambling upon the community, not to boost the industry, its political power and its profits.

Melissa Stoneham is Director with the Public Health Advocacy Institute WA.

This article first appeared in Croakey on 24 January 2018.  Croakey has invited Halton to respond to the concerns outlined in this article and will update this post with any response.

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5 Responses to MELISSA STONEHAM. Who wins when powerful health leaders align with the gambling industry?

  1. Mary Tehan says:

    Holy moly! No wonder health is known as a sickness model! What happened to these peoples’ values in their transition out of government and politics and into, as John Thompson puts it, “the shadow cabinet of Crown”? When people can be bought and sold like this, it’s important to remember where integrity really resides … in the people who always pay the price for it. We need an Australian Directory of People with Integrity so we can seek out their wisdom and trust the wisdom of their truths when its needed … asap …

  2. Shannon Storey says:

    Ego ruling morality. Shame

  3. Malcolm Crout says:

    The Australian Government should take a lesson from the Chinese who gave this bunch of modern day buccaneers the heave by expelling some and jailing other executives. The Corporates don’t understand the power that Sovereign Governments hold and yet they operate as though they are exempt from the rules. As far as these fat cats moving to greener pastures, who could blame them when the likes of Conroy and other politicians show them the way. They should all be given five years of salary when they retire to do nothing so that by the time the sixth year rolls around they have lost their contacts and have nothing to sell. Parasites!

  4. Hamish McDonald says:

    If I’m not mistaken, the proposed Crown casino for Chinese high-rollers at Barangaroo has been exempted from the NSW smoking bans.

  5. John Thompson says:

    Crown is almost a shadow cabinet of very comfortably superannuated government personnel who have managed to find lucrative post-retirement employment in the gambling industry. Halton will join Helen Coonan, former Communications minister, and Richard Colbeck, former Tourism minister, at Crown. And of course the most recent appointment of gambling industry appointees is Stephen Conroy who, a few weeks after leaving Parliament, took up the position of Executive Director of the Orwellian named Responsible Wagering Australia, a consortium of gambling companies led by Crown.
    As the Sydney Morning Herald said when it reported on Conroy’s appointment, there is nothing illegal about these jobs – but they do smell bad.

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