It is a revelation that underscores the close relationship between the major banks and the Government.
When the heads of the big four banks wrote to the Federal Government, reluctantly calling for a royal commission into their industry, they asked the Treasurer to vet a draft of their letter, documents released under Freedom of Information have revealed.
National Australia Bank chairman Ken Henry — a former Treasury secretary — sent an email to the then-Treasurer, Scott Morrison, on November 29, 2017, with a draft version of the banks’ letter signed by the chairmen and chief executives of the big four.
“Dear Treasurer. Further to our discussions, attached is a draft letter sent on behalf of the major banks. This remains subject to final approval,” Dr Henry wrote.
A final version of the letter was sent the following day — with a single, minor change to the wording — and the Turnbull Government immediately responded by announcing it would call the royal commission.
For years, the banks and the Coalition had steadfastly opposed a royal commission.
But they changed tack after it became clear that renegade Coalition backbenchers would break ranks and join Labor and the crossbenchers in establishing a wide-ranging inquiry, in defiance of the Government.
A key ask of the banks was that the royal commission have a tight timetable.
“It is important that any inquiry reports back in a timely manner so that we can have certainty about the findings and move forward to implement any recommendations,” the bank chiefs said in the letter.
The Government acquiesced to this, leading to criticism that the commission was not given enough time to fully explore the transgressions of the industry.
The draft letter and emails were released under freedom of information law after a request by the Australian Council of Trade Unions [ACTU].
What did the major banks ask the Government to do?
In their letter to the Treasurer, the chairs and CEOs of the major banks wrote:
“Dear Treasurer. We are writing to you as the leaders of Australia’s major banks. In light of the latest wave of speculation about a parliamentary commission of inquiry into the banking and finance sector, we believe it is now imperative for the Australian Government to act decisively to deliver certainty to Australia’s financial services sector, our customers and the community.
“Our banks have consistently argued the view that further inquiries into the sector, including a royal commission, are unwarranted. They are costly and unnecessary distractions at a time when the finance sector faces significant challenges and disruption from technology and growing global macroeconomic uncertainty.
“However, it is now in the national interest for the political uncertainty to end. It is hurting confidence in our financial services system, including in offshore markets, and has diminished trust and respect for our sector and people. It also risks undermining the critical perception that our banks are unquestionably strong.
“As you know our banks have acknowledged that we have not always got it right, and have made mistakes. Together with the Government and regulators, since 2014 we have been taking action to fix issues, and improve what we do and how we do it. We have collectively appeared before, or taken part in 51 substantial reviews, investigations and inquiries since the global financial crisis, 12 of which are ongoing.
“We continue to demonstrate our commitment to doing the right thing by our customers and seeking to ensure those genuinely affected by these mistakes are appropriately compensated.
“A strong, well-regulated and well-governed banking system is in the interests of all Australians and is critical to job creation and fairness. The strong credentials of the banking system ensured Australians were spared the worst of the Global Financial Crisis, and have been fundamental to the ongoing performance of our economy despite global and domestic political turmoil.
“We now ask you and your government to act to ensure a properly constituted inquiry into the financial services sector is established to put an end to the uncertainty and restore trust, respect and confidence.
“In our view, a properly constituted inquiry must have several significant characteristics. It should be led by an eminent and respected ex-judicial officer. Its terms of reference should be thoughtfully drafted and free of political influence. Its scope should be sufficient to cover the community’s core concerns which include banking, insurance, superannuation and non-ADI [authorised deposit-taking institution] finance providers.
“Further to avoid confusion and inconsistency, the inquiry must to the most practical extent replace other ongoing inquiries.
“It is vital that the terms of any inquiry consider the many reviews and inquiries that have been conducted into the banking sector in recent years; the significant government and industry-led reforms that have been and will shortly be implemented; the 44 recommendations made in the Financial System Inquiry in 2014; and the broad and positive contribution that banks make to the Australian economy and to millions of customers and shareholders.
“It is also important that any inquiry reports back in a timely manner so that we can have certainty about the findings and move forward to implement any recommendations.
“We will work hard to ensure our contribution to any process helps to further strengthen Australia’s financial services system.
“Throughout this, our focus will remain on our customers. We are proud of the work our people do every day to support them. That work continues.”
The emails draft and final letter were signed by ANZ chairman David Gonski, ANZ chief executive Shayne Elliott, Commonwealth Bank chairwoman Catherine Livingstone, CBA chief executive Ian Narev, NAB chairman Ken Henry, NAB CEO Andrew Thorburn, Westpac chairman Lindsay Maxsted and Westpac CEO Brian Hartzer.
Stephen is a senior ABC journalist