Outrageous executive salaries: undemocratic, unethical and unproductiveNov 26, 2022
The current threat to democracy in several countries is not helped at all by the growth of executive salary packages.
This is not new and has been exposed in the last 30 years on several occasions by academics in this field. Two aspects were stressed:
a. the unethical nature of CEO packages, both in the private and public sectors;
b. there is often no relationship between achievement and high executive salaries and bonuses.
We can add another aspect:
These practices reflect lack of democratic values in peoples’ workplaces. They do not assist productivity either, frequently to the contrary. Workplace democracy would be assisted greatly if employees have a say in what their manager’s are paid; usually this is not the case. Executive salaries may be checked by shareholder committees tasked with this role. In Australia, democracy often stops when employees enter the door of the business, no matter how well they do their job and how long they have been employed.
In 2011, the two-strike system was introduced requiring executive renumeration increases to have at least 25% shareholder support. Shareholders often reflect sympathies of kindred companies and interests. While an improvement they do not represent staff. In the Australian system the trade unions are supposed to do that but their strong decline in membership has weakened that situation. The growth of executive remuneration has continued in the era of neo-liberalism. The arbitration system, which is supposed to provide the essential balancing acts between capital and labour in Australia, is under severe stress as well. This is not just the case in the private sector either.
A recent report states:
“Executives at iCare, the NSW Government agency responsible for supporting injured workers, will receive the massive wage increase, with the CEO getting a $246,508 pay rise. This is despite the woeful performance of iCare, underpaying 53,000 injured workers a total of $38 million and still paying it back years later.”
Meanwhile, the NSW Premier is capping the wages of nurses, teachers, paramedics, child protection workers, cleaners and other essential workers even below the inflated cost of living. At the same time we read that Heads of some private schools are paid One million dollars per annum.
The excessive remuneration of the NSW Trade Commissioners, in New York and London, is another recent example. Apparently, there are several of these very well-paid State Trade Commissioners. Is this not rich in a federation where the Federal Government has been given this role in the Constitution? What happens when states are in competition? Or when deals are concluded by a state or territory which could have major foreign affairs consequences?
The earlier major scandal of over payment of bank and fund executives stand out as telling examples of crisis in the private sector. Bank CEOs were under attack from experts and politicians for reaping million-dollar pay cheques despite ongoing scandals. The Australian Shareholders’ Association (ASA) demonstrated that some senior bank managers’ remuneration were no longer linked to company performance and customer satisfaction. ASA director Allan Goldin told The New Daily: “These people are paid a salary, a very large salary, to run a company. Part of running a company is making sure you have diversity of people, that you have a culture, that you’re planning for the future. You don’t have to get a bonus for doing your job.”
After some CEOs were replaced the furore died down and salaries were reviewed. However, there remain serious system problems, often described as “broken”. One remedy suggests:
“The board should ensure that the compensation committee is suitably independent and diverse. The perennial criticism of compensation committees is that they consist principally of current and retired corporate executives predisposed to approving lucrative pay arrangements. The remedy: make sure these directors don’t dominate the committee.”
Conclusion: What to do?
The nature of the polarised two-party political system in Australia, essentially the direct result of the Single Member District electoral system, was reflected in regular workplace conflicts usually settled by the arbitration system. Neo-liberal policies have created a serious reward imbalance affecting the employee wage system adversely, a consequence aggravated by a major decline in union membership. At the same time senior management financial rewards have increased disproportionally, in both private and public sectors.
Improvement can be expected if conditions are changed and workplace democracy stimulated along practices common in other countries. A change in the electoral system would certainly greatly assist a change in culture towards more cooperative behaviour, workplace democracy and employee share ownership schemes. This is little understood in Australia. Such changes would positively affect industrial relations legislation. The them and us, employers versus workers adversarial culture is a by-product of the two-party system and, indirectly created by the electoral system. The ACTU and the ALP can play a positive leading role in such a transition by campaigning for and introducing proportional representation.