BRENDAN COATES. Money for social housing the key to construction stimulus

There’s no doubt Australia’s construction industry is facing tough times. COVID-19 has caused migration to slow to a trickle. Some 2.6 million Australians have either lost their jobs or had their hours cut in the past two months. Many economists expect property prices to fall.

It all adds up to fewer homes being built in the coming months. That means fewer jobs in the construction industry, which employs nearly one in 10 Australians. The sector has already lost nearly 7% of its workforce since March.

The Morrison Government is set to anounce a stimulus package for the construction sector as soon as this week. But what should it include?

More home-buyer grants on the way

The federal government has signalled it will offer cash grants of at least A$20,000 to buyers of newly built homes. Unlike past schemes that have targeted first home buyers, it seems these new grants will be available to everyone including upsizers and investors. Grants may also be extended to renovations.

Large handouts would prompt some more residential construction by encouraging some people to bring forward their home purchases. It’s why in 2008 the Rudd government tripled the first home buyer grant to A$21,000 for new homes in response to the Global Financial Crisis.

But under such schemes, governments also end up giving grants to people who would have bought a home anyway. Even the more pessimistic industry forecasts expect 110,000 homes to be built in Australia next year. Giving A$20,000 to all of these home buyers would cost A$2.2 billion without adding a single construction job. Grants of A$40,000 would double the bill.

That’s a lot of spending for little economic gain.

Nor do grants to home buyers actually make housing more affordable. They are typically passed through into higher house prices, which benefits sellers more than buyers. In this case, that is likely to include developers eager to clear their existing stock of both newly and nearly built homes.

Cash grants for renovations would likely hit the economy quicker since they don’t necessarily require building approvals. But they bring their own problems. Grants will likely see in-demand tradies raise their prices, especially if the government is effectively paying for most of the work done. It will be also be harder for officials administering the scheme to determine if the work has been done before paying out the money.

Nor is it clear the renovation sector needs further stimulus: reports suggest COVID-19 is driving a renovation boom across many parts of Australia. Research by credit bureau Illion and economic consultancy AlphaBeta shows spending on home improvements is already 33% higher than pre-COVID levels.

There’s a better option

There’s a better way to support residential construction without providing such big windfalls to developers: fund the building of more social housing.

Social housing – where rents are typically capped at no more than 30% of household income – provides a safety net to vulnerable Australians.

In particular, the Morrison government should repeat another GFC-era policy, the Social Housing Initiative, under which 19,500 social housing units were built and another 80,000 refurbished over two years, at a cost of A$5.2 billion.

Under the initiative the federal government funded the states to build social housing units directly or contract community housing providers to act as housing developers

Public residential construction approvals spiked within months of the announcement.

Building 30,000 new social housing units today would cost between A$10 billion an A$15 billion. Because state governments and community housing providers won’t have to worry about finance, marketing and sales, they’ll be able to get to work building homes much quicker than the private sector.

The boost to the economy would be pretty immediate.

Just as important, building social housing would also help tackle the growing scourge of homelessness. At the most recent Census (2016), more than 116,000 people were homeless, up from 90,000 a decade earlier. COVID-19 has shown us that if we let people live in unhealthy conditions it can help spread disease – affecting everybody’s health.

The drivers of homelessness are complex. Nonetheless the best Australian evidence and international experience shows social housing substantially reduces tenants’ risk of homelessness. But Australia’s stagnating social housing stock means there is little “flow” of social housing available for people whose lives take a big turn for the worse.

Funding social housing won’t boost house prices or provide windfalls for developers. It will do more to keep construction workers on the job, while also helping some of our most vulnerable Australians.


First published by The Conversation - republished with permission.

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2 Responses to BRENDAN COATES. Money for social housing the key to construction stimulus

  1. Avatar Richard Barnes says:

    And so, as expected, the government has decided to follow the path that all experts rejected, and reject the path that all experts – included the MBA and CFMEU in unison! – favoured.
    What is wrong with federal and state governments in this country that they continue to utterly ignore our desperate need for a massive increase in social housing?
    And just btw, put your hand up those people outside the major cities who are planning a reno worth over $150K – what, no-one?

  2. Avatar George Wendell says:

    What I see Morrison doing is nothing other than middle-class welfare in the form that Howard used as well. He’s shifting the stimulus now to many programs that make him appear like a Santa Claus, and it is pork-barreling the entire electorate. Money for renovations I hear will need the home owner to provide an equal amount of funding that the grant would provide. So who does this favour other than middle-class and far wealthier people who already have half the cash so they get a big boost from the government? Poorer families won’t have the money to provide half for a new kitchen or extension or whatever.

    I also ask why it is always the building sector that always gets the most stimulus from any government while others in other areas of work always are forgotten. I guess it is because it’s a large voting demographic that can easily be wooed to vote Liberal when presented with a handful of cash.

    Noble ideas like social housing are great, responsible governments do that, but I can’t see this government who invented ‘robodebt’ among other punishing tactics directed at Australia’s most needy, will ever seek to reward anyone other than the richest in the community, it is not in their blood.

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