A new summary of the country’s troubles by a special inspector general doesn’t paint an optimistic picture.
“We do look toward a victory in Afghanistan,” Mattis said shortly before visiting the country in March, echoing the phraseology of his predecessors. He said this meant a political reconciliation between its insurgents and leaders, and Afghan security forces strong enough to defend the government by themselves.
But his optimism, and that of his Defense Department colleagues, is undercut by the latest quarterly report published by John Sopko, the special inspector general for Afghanistan reconstruction.
Here are a few uncomfortable but telling statistics buried in the 262-page report, dated April 30, and released on May 1:
- The Afghan economy — measured in GDP — stopped growing in 2012 and has since retrenched.
- After a $126 billion U.S. relief and reconstruction investment lasting nearly two decades, Afghanistan is the 183rd worst country in the world to “do business.” Less than a third of Afghans are connected to the power grid.
- The few economic gains that the United States brought to Afghanistan came from direct spending and are generally considered unsustainable without persistent foreign aid.
- The number of bombs dropped by the Western coalition in Afghanistan in early 2018 was the highest it’s been since 2013. And the number of direct Taliban attacks declined over the winter. But the country remains hugely unstable, with more security incidents last year than ever recorded. Casualties from unexploded ordnance and mines averaged 170 a month last year.
- Suicide attacks in Afghanistan, like those on Monday, went up 50 percent in 2017. Casualties from complex attacks and suicide bombings are steadily rising. Sectarian attacks tripled in 2017.
- America has spent $8.78 billion since 2002 to reduce narcotics production in Afghanistan. But opium growing has steadily increased, with a 63 percent jump in 2017 alone.
- Only 65 percent of the population presently lives under Afghan government control, after direct U.S. expenditures to Afghan security forces of $78 billion. “The overall trend for the insurgency is rising control over the population,” the report states.
- So far, 20,318 Defense Department personnel have been wounded in Afghanistan. The number in 2017 was higher than in 2016 and 2015. At present, there are roughly 14,000 U.S. military personnel in Afghanistan, a number slated to increase.
- The number of serving Afghan military and police, meanwhile, experienced “a sharp decline” last year. Insider attacks by Afghan soldiers are rising. The number of women in uniform is falling.
- Widespread corruption remains a dragging anchor on progress throughout the country. According to the report, the U.S. Department of Justice said in late 2017 that “there has been no follow-up on old [Afghanistan] corruption cases from 2013 and no effort to extradite and prosecute convicted criminals living abroad through international agreements. DOJ attributed these failures to a lack of Afghan government political will.”
This article first appeared in Foreign Policy on 1 May 2018
As Alexander the Great,the British and the Russians could have told them,the Americans and their allies like Australia never stood a chance of success in Afghanistan.. Although many Americans understood the local situation ,American administrations and their satelittes never did. Afghanistan as a country makes the Liberal Party look rock solid…John Menadue